Observation of breather and soliton in a substituted polythiophene with a degenerate ground state

Takayoshi Kobayashi, Juan Du, Wei Feng, Katsumi Yoshino, Sergei Tretiak, Avadh Saxena, Alan R. Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The ultrafast dynamics of a unique polythiophene derivative that has a degenerate ground state due to a quantum mechanical resonance was investigated using a sub-5-fs pulse laser. The method allowed us to study the electronic relaxation and vibrational dynamics in completely same conditions at the same time. The dynamics of a breather composed of a dynamic bound state of solitons generated immediately after photoexcitation was time-resolved to reveal coupling between the vibrational modes and the solitons. The C-C and C=C stretching modes were found to be modulated by the breather, whose lifetime was determined to be 30-50 fs. The results of quantum-chemical excited-state molecular dynamics simulation are consistent with experimental results. Our modeling results allow to identify related vibrational normal modes strongly coupled to the electronic degrees of freedom. Moreover, analysis of calculated trajectories of excited state shows appearance of short-lived breather excitation decaying due to intramolecular vibrational energy equilibration on a timescale of hundreds of femtoseconds, which also agrees well with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (C) Current Topics in Solid State Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Breathers
  • Polymers
  • Solitons
  • Ultrafast spectroscopy


Dive into the research topics of 'Observation of breather and soliton in a substituted polythiophene with a degenerate ground state'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this