Bacterial type II topoisomerases, DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV, are targets of many antibiotics, including fluoroquinolones (FQs). Unfortunately, a number of bacterial species easily acquire resistance to FQs by mutations in either DNA gyrase or topoisomerase IV genes. The emergence of resistant pathogenic strains is a global problem in health care; therefore, identifying alternative pathways to thwart their persistence is the current frontier in drug discovery. Nybomycins are an attractive class of compounds, reported to be "reverse antibiotics"that selectively inhibit growth of some Gram-positive FQ-resistant bacteria by targeting the mutant form of DNA gyrase while being inactive against wild-type strains with FQ-sensitive gyrases. The strong "reverse"effect was demonstrated only for a few Gram-positive organisms resistant to FQs due to the S83L/I mutation in the GyrA subunit of DNA gyrase. However, the activity of nybomycins has not been extensively explored among Gram-negative species. Here, we observed that in a DtolC strain of the Gram-negative Escherichia coli with enhanced permeability, wild-type gyrase and a GyrA S83L mutant, resistant to fluoroquinolones, are similarly sensitive to nybomycin.
- E. coli