Nonlinear Acoustics in Fluids

Werner Lauterborn, Thomas Kurz, Iskander Akhatov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


At high sound intensities or long propagation distances at nonlinear acousticsin fluids sufficiently low damping acoustic phenomena become nonlinear. This chapter focuses on nonlinear acoustic wave properties in gases and liquids. The origin of nonlinearity, equations of state, simple nonlinear waves, nonlinear acoustic wave equations, shock-wave formation, and interaction of waves are presented and discussed. Tables are given for the nonlinearity parameter B/A for water and a range of organic liquids, liquid metals and gases. Acoustic cavitation with its nonlinear bubble oscillations, pattern formation and sonoluminescence (light from sound) are modern examples of nonlinear acoustics. The language of nonlinear dynamics needed for understanding chaotic dynamics and acoustic chaotic systems is introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Handbooks
Number of pages41
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameSpringer Handbooks
ISSN (Print)2522-8692
ISSN (Electronic)2522-8706


  • Burger Equation
  • Nonlinear Acoustics
  • Shock Wave
  • Sound Wave
  • Wave Train


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