Non-collinear antiferromagnetism to compensated ferrimagnetism in Ti(Fe1−xCox)2(x= 0, 0.5 and 1) alloys: experiment and theory

S. Shanmukharao Samatham, Akhilesh Kumar Patel, Alexey V. Lukoyanov, K. G. Suresh, R. Nirmala

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Abstract

The manifestation of the structural and magnetic properties of Co substituted TiFe2is investigated using powder X-ray diffraction, magnetization and density functional theory calculations. The alloys TiFe2and TiFeCo crystallize in the hexagonal structure (P63/mmc) with a reduction in the lattice parameters of TiFeCo (by about 0.51% inaand 0.64% inc) when compared to TiFe2. On the other hand, TiCo2crystallizes in the cubic structure (Fd3̄m). A structural transition from hexagonal to cubic is anticipated for a composition withx∈ [0.5, 1]. The non-collinear antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin structure (formed by 6h Fe atoms) of TiFe2with Néel temperatureTN∼ 275 K is reported at zero magnetic fieldH. Meanwhile, a magnetic field-induced collinear antiferromagnetic spin structure is suggested by magnetization measurements and supported by density functional theory calculations. The magnetization of TiFeCo shows a weak-ferromagnetic (FM)-like transition around 204 K, followed by a broad hump at 85.5 K andH= 200 Oe. Ferromagnetic interactions are weakened, causing the hump to disappear due to the possible transfer of electrons between Fe and Co. TiCo2shows compensated ferrimagnetism with magnetization of the order of 10−5μBf.u.−1and a linear increase ofMwithHat 5 K. The presence of a non-collinear AFM spin structure in TiFe2, a reduced magnetic moment in TiFeCo due to the charge transfer between Co and Fe, and compensated ferrimagnetism in TiCo2promise a rich phase diagram of Ti(Fe1−xCox)2alloys and the possible potential of these alloys for use in spintronics applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5607-5614
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

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