Nature of the ferromagnetic ground state in the Mn 4 molecular magnet

S. V. Streltsov, Z. V. Pchelkina, D. I. Khomskii, N. A. Skorikov, A. O. Anokhin, Yu N. Shvachko, M. A. Korotin, V. I. Anisimov, V. V. Ustinov

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Using ab initio band-structure and model calculations, we studied magnetic properties of one of the Mn4 molecular magnets [Mn4(hmp)6], where two types of the Mn ions exist: Mn3+ and Mn2+. The direct calculation of the exchange constants in the GGA+U approximation shows that in contrast to a common belief, the strongest exchange coupling is not between two Mn 3+ ions (Jbb), but along two out of four exchange paths connecting Mn3+ and Mn2+ ions (Jwb). Within the perturbation theory, we performed the microscopic analysis of different contributions to the exchange constants, which allows us to establish the mechanism for the largest ferromagnetic exchange. In the presence of the charge order, the lowest in energy virtual excitations, contributing to the superexchange, will not be those across the Hubbard gap ∼U, but will be those between the Mn3+ and Mn4+ ions, which cost much smaller energy V Together with strong Hund's rule coupling and specific orbital order, this leads to large ferromagnetic exchange interaction for two out of four Mn2+-Mn 3+ pairs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014427
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


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