Murine long noncoding rna morrbid contributes in the regulation of nras splicing in hepatocytes in vitro

Anna Fefilova, Pavel Melnikov, Tatiana Prikazchikova, Tatiana Abakumova, Ilya Kurochkin, Pavel V. Mazin, Rustam Ziganshin, Olga Sergeeva, Timofei S. Zatsepin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The coupling of alternative splicing with the nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) pathway maintains quality control of the transcriptome in eukaryotes by eliminating transcripts with premature termination codons (PTC) and fine-tunes gene expression. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) can regulate multiple cellular processes, including alternative splicing. Previously, murine Morrbid (myeloid RNA repressor of Bcl2l11 induced death) lncRNA was described as a locus-specific controller of the lifespan of short-living myeloid cells via transcription regulation of the apoptosis-related Bcl2l11 protein. Here, we report that murine Morrbid lncRNA in hepatocytes participates in the regulation of proto-oncogene NRAS (neuroblastoma RAS viral oncogene homolog) splicing, including the formation of the isoform with PTC. We observed a significant increase of the NRAS isoform with PTC in hepatocytes with depleted Morrbid lncRNA. We demonstrated that the NRAS isoform with PTC is degraded via the NMD pathway. This transcript is presented almost only in the nucleus and has a half-life ~four times lower than other NRAS transcripts. Additionally, in UPF1 knockdown hepatocytes (the key NMD factor), we observed a significant increase of the NRAS isoform with PTC. By a modified capture hybridization (CHART) analysis of the protein targets, we uncovered interactions of Morrbid lncRNA with the SFPQ (splicing factor proline and glutamine rich)-NONO (non-POU domain-containing octamer-binding protein) splicing complex. Finally, we propose the regulation mechanism of NRAS splicing in murine hepatocytes by alternative splicing coupled with the NMD pathway with the input of Morrbid lncRNA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5605
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Alternative splicing
  • Liver
  • Long noncoding RNA
  • Nonsense-mediated decay

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