Multi-scale modeling and diffraction-based characterization of elastic behaviour of human enamel

Tan Sui, Michael A. Sandholzer, Nikolaos Baimpas, Igor Dolbnya, Gabriel Landini, Alexander M. Korsunsky

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

The relationship between the ultrastructure of human enamel and its mechanical behaviour is studied in this paper. Two synchrotron X-ray diffraction techniques, wide and small angle X-ray scattering (WAXS/SAXS) were used in combination to obtain multi-scale quantitative information about the response of human enamel to in situ uniaxial compressive loading. The interpretation of WAXS data gives elastic lattice strains within the hydroxyapatite (HAp) crystals, the stiff reinforcing phase in human enamel. The apparent modulus was determined linking the external load and the internal HAp strain. SAXS interpretation, allows the quantification of the nano-scale HAp crystallite distribution within human enamel. A multi-scale Eshelby equivalent inclusion model of the enamel was proposed that represents the hierarchical mineralized tissue as a two-level composite: micro-level model with rod embedded in the homogenised enamel material, and nano-level model with HAp crystallites embedded in the rod. Satisfactory agreement was achieved between model and experiment, suggesting that the new multi-scale approach accurately reflects the structure and mechanics of human enamel, and may help guide new biomimetic designs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages311-320
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event13th International Conference on Fracture 2013, ICF 2013 - Beijing, China
Duration: 16 Jun 201321 Jun 2013

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Fracture 2013, ICF 2013
Country/TerritoryChina
CityBeijing
Period16/06/1321/06/13

Keywords

  • Enamel
  • Eshelby model
  • Mechanical properties
  • WAXS/SAXS

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