Modelling the formation of optical waveguides produced in LiNbO 3 by laser induced thermal diffusion of lithium ions

A. C. Muir, G. J. Daniell, C. P. Please, I. T. Wellington, S. Mailis, R. W. Eason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Analytical and numerical modelling of the fabrication of optical waveguides in lithium niobate (LiNbO3) through direct writing with a continuous wave ultraviolet (UV) laser has been performed. It is proposed that the UV illumination induces heating of the surface and subsequent thermal diffusion of lithium which alters the refractive index in accordance with the lithium concentration dependence of the Sellmeier equations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-396
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

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