Modeling of steady Herschel–Bulkley fluid flow over a sphere

A. A. Gavrilov, K. A. Finnikov, E. V. Podryabinkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Characteristics of the incompressible flow of Herschel–Bulkley fluid over a sphere were studied via systematic numerical modeling. A steady isothermal laminar flow mode was considered within a wide range of flow parameters: the Reynolds number 0 < Re ≤ 200, the Bingham number 0 ≤ Bn ≤ 100, and the power index 0.3 ≤ n ≤ 1. The numerical solution to the hydrodynamic equations was obtained using the finite volume method in the axisymmetric case. The changes in flow structures, pressure and viscous friction distribution, and integral drag as a function of the flow rate and fluid rheology are shown. Depending on whether plastic or inertial effects dominate in the flow, the limiting cases were identified. The power law and Bingham fluid flows were studied in detail as particular cases of the Herschel–Bulkley rheological model. Based on the modeling results, a new correlation was developed that approximates the calculated data with an accuracy of about 5% across the entire range of the input parameters. This correlation is also applicable in the particular cases of the power law and Bingham fluids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-215
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Engineering Thermophysics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes


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