Mitotic phosphorylation of the anaphase-promoting complex inhibitory subunit Mnd2 is necessary for efficient progression through meiosis I

Matthew P. Torres, Christoph H. Borchers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The yeast anaphase-promoting complex (APC) subunit Mnd2 is necessary for maintaining sister chromatid cohesion in prophase I of meiosis by inhibiting premature ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of substrates by the APCAma1 ubiquitin ligase. In a proteomics screen for post-translational modifications on the APC, we discovered that Mnd2 is phosphorylated during mitosis in a cell cycle-dependent manner. We identified and characterized the sites of mitotic Mnd2 phosphorylation during the cell cycle. Collective mutation of Mnd2 phosphorylation sites to alanine had no effect on vegetative growth but a striking effect (>85% reduction) on the percentage of tetrad-forming cells compared with the wild type strain. Similar to the MND2 deletion strain, cells harboring the alanine mutant that did not form spores arrested after premeiotic S phase with a single undivided nucleus and low levels of the APCAma1 meiotic substrate, Clb5, relative to wild type cells. In contrast, collective mutation of Mnd2 phosphorylation sites to aspartic acid resulted in partial suppression of the sporulation defect. No differences were observed in the binding between each Mnd2 isoform and the APC in vitro. However, in vivo, we observed a gradient in the abundance of APC-associated Mnd2 in each strain that was proportional to the observed differences in sporulation and Clb5 levels. Taken together, these data suggest that mitotic phosphorylation of Mnd2 is necessary for APC-mediated progression beyond the first meiotic nuclear division.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17351-17362
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

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