Minor Secondary-Structure Variation in the 5′-Untranslated Region of the β-Globin mRNA Changes the Concentration Requirements for eIF2

S. E. Dmitriev, I. M. Terenin, M. P. Rubtsova, I. N. Shatsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nucleotide sequence changes increasing the number of paired bases without producing stable secondary structure in the 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR) of the β-globin mRNA had a slight effect on its translation in rabbit reticulocyte lysate at low mRNA concentration and dramatically decreased translation efficiency at a high concentration. The removal of paired regions restored translation. Addition of purified eIF2 to the lysate resulted in equal translation efficiencies of templates differing in structure of 5′-UTR. A similar effect was observed for p50, a major mRNP protein. Other mRNA-binding initiation factors, eIF4F and eIF4B, had no effect on the dependence of translation efficiency on mRNA concentration. Analysis of the assembly of the 48S initiation complex from its purified components showed that less eIF2 is required for translation initiation on the β-globin mRNA than on its derivative containing minor secondary structure elements in 5′-UTR. According to a model proposed, eIF2 not only delivers Met-tRNA, but it also stabilizes the interaction of the 40S ribosome subunit with 5′-UTR, which is of particular importance for translation initiation on templates with structured 5′-UTR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-428
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Biology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • β-globin mRNA
  • 5′-untranslated region
  • Initiation factor eIF2
  • Mammals
  • mRNA secondary structure
  • Reconstruction of the 48S initiation complex
  • Translation initiation

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