Metastable states during dissociation of carbon dioxide hydrates below 273K

V. P. Melnikov, A. N. Nesterov, A. M. Reshetnikov, V. A. Istomin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the dissociation of isolated carbon dioxide hydrate particles of sizes in the range 0.25-2.5mm was investigated. It was found that below the ice melting point, the hydrates dissociated into supercooled water (metastable liquid) and gas. The formation of the liquid phase during CO2 hydrate dissociation was visually observed, and the pressures of the hydrate dissociation into supercooled water and gas were measured in the temperature range 249-273K. These pressures agreed well with the calculated data for the supercooled water-hydrate-gas metastable equilibrium (Istomin et al., 2006). In the P-T area on the phase diagram bounded by the ice-hydrate-gas equilibrium curve and the supercooled water-hydrate-gas metastable equilibrium curve, hydrates could exist for a long time because the metastable phase and their stability are not connected to the self-preservation effect. The growth of the metastable CO2 hydrate film on the surface of supercooled water droplets formed during the hydrate dissociation was observed at pressure above the three-phase supercooled water-hydrate-gas metastable equilibrium pressure but still below the three-phase ice-hydrate-gas equilibrium pressure. It was found that the growth rate of the metastable CO2 hydrate film was higher by a factor of 25 and 50 than that for methane hydrate and propane hydrate, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide hydrate
  • Crystallization
  • Nucleation
  • Phase change
  • Phase equilibria
  • Supercooled water

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