Mesoscopic fluctuations of the supercurrent in diffusive Josephson junctions

Manuel Houzet, Mikhail A. Skvortsov

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study mesoscopic fluctuations and weak-localization correction to the supercurrent in Josephson junctions with coherent diffusive electron dynamics in the normal part. Two kinds of junctions are considered: a chaotic dot coupled to superconductors by tunnel barriers and a diffusive junction with transparent normal-superconducting interfaces. The amplitude of current fluctuations and the weak-localization correction to the average current are calculated as functions of the ratio between the superconducting gap and the electron dwell energy, temperature, and superconducting phase difference across the junction. Technically, fluctuations on top of the spatially inhomogeneous proximity effect in the normal region are described by the replicated version of the σ model. For the case of diffusive junctions with transparent interfaces, the magnitude of mesoscopic fluctuations of the critical current appears to be nearly three times larger than the prediction of the previous theory, which did not take the proximity effect into account.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024525
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes

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