Mechatronic wearable exoskeletons for bionic bipedal standing and walking: A new synthetic approach

Gelu Onose, Vladimir Cârdei, Stefan T. Craciunoiu, Valeriu Avramescu, Ioan Opris, Mikhail A. Lebedev, Marian Vladimir Constantinescu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


During the last few years, interest has been growing to mechatronic and robotic technologies utilized in wearable powered exoskeletons that assist standing and walking. The available literature includes single-case reports, clinical studies conducted in small groups of subjects, and several recent systematic reviews. These publications have fulfilled promotional and marketing objectives but have not yet resulted in a fully optimized, practical wearable exoskeleton. Here we evaluate the progress and future directions in this field from a joint perspective of health professionals, manufacturers, and consumers. We describe the taxonomy of existing technologies and highlight the main improvements needed for the development and functional optimization of the practical exoskeletons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number343
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Issue numberSEP
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sep 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Bionic walk assistance
  • Bipedal standing
  • Mechatronic
  • Models
  • Portable/wearable exoskeletons


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