Crosses were made between two inbred lines of sunflower. Parents and 118 F3 families were planted in the field in a randomized complete block design in two replications. Genetic control for some agronomical traits: grain weight by plant (GWP), 1,000-grain weight (TGW), percentage of oil in grain (POG) and sowing to flowering date (STF) was investigated in F3 families and their parents. Genetic variability was observed among the 118 F3 families for all the traits studied. Genetic gain was obtained when the best F3 family, or the mean of 10% of the selected families was compared with the best parent for GWP, TWG and POG. Heritability was 0.23 for GWP, 0.55 for TGW, 0.57 for POG and 0.32 for STF. A set of 244 F3 families from the same cross, including the above 118 mentioned families and their two parents, were screened with 276 AFLP and microsatellite markers and a linkage map was constructed based on 170 markers. Two putative QTLs for the GWP trait (gmp), one QTL for TGW (tgw), six QTLs for POG (pog) and two for STF (stf) were detected. The percentage of phenotypic variance explained by each QTL ranged from 2.6% to 70.9%. The percentage of total phenotypic variance explained was 50.7% for GWP, 5.4% for TGW, 90.4% for POG and 89.3% for STF. Although these regions need to be more-precisely mapped, the information obtained should help in marker-assisted selection.
- Genetic map
- Genetic variability