Long-time relaxation on spin lattice as a manifestation of chaotic dynamics

Boris V. Fine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The long-time behavior of the infinite temperature spin correlation functions describing the free induction decay in nuclear magnetic resonance and intermediate structure factors in inelastic neutron scattering is considered. These correlation functions are defined for one-, two- and three-dimensional infinite lattices of interacting spins, both classical and quantum. It is shown that, even though the characteristic time-scale of the long-time decay of the correlation functions considered is non-Markovian, the generic functional form of this decay is either simple exponential or exponential multiplied by cosine. This work contains (i) the summary of the existing experimental and numerical evidence of the above asymptotic behavior; (ii) theoretical explanation of this behavior; and (iii) semi-empirical analysis of various factors discriminating between the monotonic and the oscillatory long-time decays. The theory is based on a fairly strong conjecture that, as a result of chaos generated by spin dynamics, a Brownian-like Markovian description can be applied to the long-time properties of ensemble average quantities on a non-Markovian time-scale. The formalism resulting from that conjecture can be described as "correlated diffusion in finite volumes".

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1119-1159
Number of pages41
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chaos
  • Free induction decay
  • Spin dynamics

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