Location, structure, and function of the target of a transcriptional activator protein

Hong Tang, Konstantine Severinov, Alex Goldfarb, David Fenyo, Brian Chait, Richard H. Ebright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have isolated and characterized single-amino-acid substitution mutants of RNA polymerase α subunit defective in CAP-dependent transcription at the lac promoter but not defective in CAP-independent transcription. Our results establish that (1) amino acids 258-265 of α constitute an 'activation target' essential for CAP-dependent transcription at the lac promoter but not essential for CAP-independent transcription, (2) amino acid 261 is the most critical amino acid of the activation target, (3) amino acid 261 is distinct from the determinants for α-DNA interaction, and (4) the activation target may fold as a surface amphipathic α-helix. We propose a model for transcriptional activation at the lac promoter that integrates these and other recent results regarding transcriptional activation and RNA polymerase structure and function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3058-3067
Number of pages10
JournalGenes and Development
Volume8
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CAP-dependent transcription
  • lac promoter
  • RNA polymerase
  • Transcriptional activation

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