Lithological and geochemical heterogeneity of the organo-mineral matrix in carbonate-rich shales

Natalia Bogdanovich, Elena Kozlova, Tagir Karamov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The paper discusses the issues of interaction of the organic matter and the siliceous-carbonate mineral matrix in unconventional reservoirs of the Upper Devonian Domanik Formation of the Upper Kama Depression of the Volga-Ural Basin. The Domanik Formation is composed of organic-rich low-permeability rocks. Lithological and geochemical peculiarities of rocks were studied using light microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), and evaporation method. Organic matter was examined by the Rock-Eval pyrolysis with quantitative and qualitative evaluation of generation potential and maturity degree. Integrated analysis of results of lithological and geochemical studies allowed identifying intervals in the studied section where organic matter can form a complex association with the siliceous-carbonate matrix. It was fixed experimentally that in some cases the mineral carbonate matrix and the organic matter form a one-whole high-molecular compound. The authors supposed that in the course of sedimentation, organic matter is immobilized into the structure of the mineral carbonate matrix. At the deposition and diagenesis stage, the carbonate matter interacts with acids of the organic matter and forms natural organo-mineral polymers. Special physicochemical properties of such organo-mineral associations shed new light onto the problems of producing from hard-to-develop nonconventional carbonate reservoirs and evaluating the associated risks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number295
JournalGeosciences (Switzerland)
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Carbonate rock
  • Geochemical parameters
  • Heterogeneity
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Lithological characteristic
  • Organo-mineral matrix
  • Pyrolysis Rock-Eval


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