The behavior of a single liquid drop suspended in another liquid and subjected to simple shear flow is studied numerically using a diffuse interface free energy lattice Boltzmann method. The system is fully defined by three physical, and two numerical dimensionless numbers: a Reynolds number Re, a capillary number Ca, the viscosity ratio λ, an interface-related Peclet number Pe, and the ratio of interface thickness and drop size (the Cahn number Ch). The influence of Pe, Ch and mesh resolution on accuracy and stability of the simulations is investigated. Drops of moderate resolution (radius less than 30 lattice units) require smaller interface thickness, while a thicker interface should be used for highly resolved drops. The Peclet number is controlled by the mobility coefficient Γ Based on the results, the simulations are stable when Γ is in the range 1-15. In addition, the numerical tool is verified and validated in a wide range of physical conditions: Re = 0.0625 - 50, λ = 1, 2, 3 and a capillary number range over which drops deform and break. Good agreement with literature data is observed.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||International Journal of Multiphase Flow|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2014|
- Binary liquid model
- Drop deformation and breakup
- Lattice Boltzmann method
- Peclet and Cahn numbers