Laboratory investigation of air injection in kerogen-bearing rocks. Part 1: Development of combustion front control methods

T. M. Bondarenko, D. A. Mett, V. D. Nemova, G. A. Usachev, E. Yu Popov, A. N. Cheremisin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-pressure combustion tube test was conducted to evaluate the effec-tiveness of air injection in terms of hydrocarbons generation from kerogen bearing rocks and to compare combustion front quenching techniques. The test consisted of several stages including air injection, stop of air injection, reigniting and quenching of combustion front with nitrogen. As a result, temperature profiles along the tube were obtained and it was shown that the temperature of 200°C is sufficient for effective and stable high-temperature oxidation of absorbed hydrocarbons, resins and asphaltenes and kerogen. Successful reigniting indicates a high probability of igniting after the air injection shutdown due to various reasons, including technological. The maxi-mum temperature reached in the model was 920°C. The combustion front propagated faster in the zones packed with consolidated core samples, sim-ulating the fracture or the permeable channels. It can be explained by the breakthrough of the combustion front through the permeable zones. At the same time, combustion in areas with consolidated samples continued at a slower rate. The consolidated sample and the crushed rock burn at different rates, but the peak temperatures are the same. Two methods of combustion front quenching were compared, namely air injection shutdown and nitrogen purge. When the air injection stopped, the core model cooled down faster than during nitrogen purge. It can be explained by the displacement of the trapped oxygen in the model by injected nitrogen, which led to the continua-tion of oxidation reactions until all oxygen consumed by oxidation reactions. In the case of air injection shut down oxygen was observed in evolved gases. Evolved gas composition was determined, which can serve as "in-situ ther-mometer" of the processes, and indicator of what lithologic types of rocks af-fected by the combustion front.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-50
Number of pages5
JournalNeftyanoe Khozyaystvo - Oil Industry
Volume2020
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Air injection
  • Combustion front
  • Combustion tube
  • Kerogen-bearing rocks
  • Synthetic oil

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