Keypoints Localization for Joint Vertebra Detection and Fracture Severity Quantification

Maxim Pisov, Vladimir Kondratenko, Alexey Zakharov, Alexey Petraikin, Victor Gombolevskiy, Sergey Morozov, Mikhail Belyaev

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vertebral body compression fractures are reliable early signs of osteoporosis. Though these fractures are visible on Computed Tomography (CT) images, they are frequently missed by radiologists in clinical settings. Prior research on automatic methods of vertebral fracture classification proves its reliable quality; however, existing methods provide hard-to-interpret outputs and sometimes fail to process cases with severe abnormalities such as highly pathological vertebrae or scoliosis. We propose a new two-step algorithm to localize the vertebral column in 3D CT images and then to simultaneously detect individual vertebrae and quantify fractures in 2D. We train neural networks for both steps using a simple 6-keypoints based annotation scheme, which corresponds precisely to current medical recommendations. Our algorithm has no exclusion criteria, processes 3D CT in 2 s on a single GPU and provides an intuitive and verifiable output. The method approaches expert-level performance and demonstrates state-of-the-art results in vertebrae 3D localization (the average error is 1 mm), vertebrae 2D detection (precision is 0.99, recall is 1), and fracture identification (ROC AUC at the patient level is 0.93).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2020 - 23rd International Conference, Proceedings
EditorsAnne L. Martel, Purang Abolmaesumi, Danail Stoyanov, Diana Mateus, Maria A. Zuluaga, S. Kevin Zhou, Daniel Racoceanu, Leo Joskowicz
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages723-732
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030597245
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event23rd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2020 - Lima, Peru
Duration: 4 Oct 20208 Oct 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12266 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference23rd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2020
Country/TerritoryPeru
CityLima
Period4/10/208/10/20

Keywords

  • Keypoints localization
  • Object detection
  • Vertebral fractures

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