Investigation of bio-oil produced by hydrothermal liquefaction of food waste using ultrahigh resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry

Yury Kostyukevich, Mikhail Vlaskin, Ludmila Borisova, Alexander Zherebker, Irina Perminova, Alexey Kononikhin, Igor Popov, Eugene Nikolaev

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    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Recent research has revealed that more than 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted globally every year. The disposal of such huge biomass has become a challenge. In the present paper, we report the production of the bio-oil by hydrothermal liquefaction of three classes of food waste: meat, cheese and fruits. The highest yield of the bio-oil was observed for meat (∼60%) and cheese (∼75%), while for fruits, it was considerably low (∼10%). The molecular composition of the obtained bio-oil was investigated using ultrahigh resolution Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance mass spectrometry and was found to be similar to that obtained from algae. Several thousand heteroatom compounds (N, N2, ON2, etc. classes) were reliably identified from each sample. It was found that bio-oils produced from meat and cheese have many compounds (∼90%) with common molecular formulas, while bio-oil produced from fruits differs considerably (∼30% of compounds are unique).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)116-123
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Mass Spectrometry
    Volume24
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

    Keywords

    • Bio-oil
    • electrospray
    • food waste
    • FT ICR
    • mass spectrometry
    • petroleomics

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