Impedance measurements as a simple tool to control the quality of conjugated polymers designed for photovoltaic applications

Pavel A. Troshin, Diana K. Susarova, Yury L. Moskvin, Ilya E. Kuznetsov, Sergei A. Ponomarenko, Ekaterina N. Myshkovskaya, Ksenya A. Zakharcheva, Alexander A. Balakai, Sergei D. Babenko, Vladimir F. Razumov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The problem of batch-to-batch variation of electronic properties and purity of conjugated polymers used as electron donor and photon harvesting materials in organic solar cells is addressed. A simple method is developed for rapid analysis of electronic quality of polymer-based materials. It is shown that appearance of impurities capable of charge trapping changes electrophysical properties of conjugated polymers. In particular, a clear correlation between the effective relaxation time τeff and relative photovoltaic performance (η/ηmax) is revealed for samples of poly(3-hexylthiophene) intentionally polluted with a palladium catalyst. This dependence is also valid for all other investigated samples of conjugated polymers. Therefore, fast impedance measurements at three different frequencies allow one to draw conclusions about the purity of the analyzed polymer sample and even estimate its photovoltaic performance. The developed method might find extensive applications as a simple tool for product quality control in the laboratory and industrial-scale production of conjugated polymers for electronic applications. An empirical correlation between the relative photovoltaic performance of conjugated polymers (η/η max) and their effective relaxation times τeff determined from the impedance measurements is revealed. The developed method might be applied for fast screening of synthesized conjugated polymers in order to draw conclusions about the quality of the prepared samples and their suitability for use in organic solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4351-4357
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume20
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • conjugated polymers
  • diodes
  • impedance measurements
  • organic solar cells
  • photovoltaics

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