Impact of Graphene Quantum Dot Edge Morphologies on Their Optical Properties

Shahriar N. Khan, Braden M. Weight, Brendan J. Gifford, Sergei Tretiak, Alan Bishop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The optoelectronic properties of functionalized graphene quantum dots (GQDs) have been explored by simulating electronic structure of three different shapes of GQDs containing exclusively zigzag or armchair edges in both pristine and functionalized forms. Absorption spectra and transition densities for the low-lying excited states are evaluated by using time-dependent density functional theory and compared for different functionalization species. The functionalization position dictates the optical properties of square GQDs, where isomers with CH2in the intermediate positions (excluding corner and center positions) have higher electronic transition energies and exciton delocalization than other isomers. Rhombic GQDs with all armchair edges exhibit high steric flexibility, and their complete passivation results in the largest structural deformation from planarity and strongest red-shifts. A steady red-shift in the absorption energy is observed following the order F, CH3, Cl, and Br substitutions. This suggests that the steric effects due to large van der Waals radii overcome electronegative effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5801-5807
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


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