Hyperelliptic addition law

Victor Buchstaber, Dmitry Leykin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Given a family of genus g algebraic curves, with the equation f(x, y, Λ) = 0, we consider two fiber-bundles U and X over the space of parameters Λ. A fiber of U is the Jacobi variety of the curve. U is equipped with the natural groupoid structure that induces the canonical addition on a fiber. A fiber of X is the g-th symmetric power of the curve. We describe the algebraic groupoid structure on X using the Weierstrass gap theorem to define the 'addition law' on its fiber. The addition theorems that are the subject of the present study are represented by the formulas, mostly explicit, determining the isomorphism of groupoids U → X. At g=1 this gives the classic addition formulas for the elliptic Weierstrass ℘ and ℘′ functions. To illustrate the efficiency of our approach the hyperelliptic curves of the form y2 = x2g+1 + ∑ i=02g-1 λ4g-2-2ixi are considered. We construct the explicit form of the addition law for hyperelliptic Abelian vector functions ℘ and ℘′ (the functions ℘ and ℘′ form a basis in the field of hyperelliptic Abelian functions, i.e., any function from the field can be expressed as a rational function of ℘ and ℘′). Addition formulas for the higher genera zeta-functions are discussed. The genus 2 result is written in a Hirota-like trilinear form for the sigma-function. We propose a conjecture to describe the general formula in these terms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-123
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes


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