Highly-ordered mesoporous titania thin films prepared via surfactant assembly on conductive indium-tin-oxide/glass substrate and its optical properties

Hiroshi Uchida, Mehul N. Patel, R. Alan May, Gaurav Gupta, Keith J. Stevenson, Keith P. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly ordered mesoporous titanium dioxide (titania, TiO2) thin films on indium-tin-oxide (ITO) coated glass were prepared via a Pluronic (P123) block copolymer template and a hydrophilic TiO2 buffer layer. The contraction of the 3D hexagonal array of P123 micelles upon calcination merges the titania domains on the TiO2 buffer layer to form mesoporous films with a mesochannel diameter of approximately 10 nm and a pore-to-pore distance of 10 nm. The mesoporous titania films on TiO2-buffered ITO/glass featured an inverse mesospace with a hexagonally-ordered structure, whereas the films formed without a TiO2 buffer layer had a disordered microstructure with submicron cracks because of non-uniform water condensation on the hydrophobic ITO/glass surface. The density of the mesoporous film was 83% that of a bulk TiO2 film. The optical band gap of the mesoporous titania thin film was approximately 3.4 eV, larger than that for nonporous anatase TiO2 (~ 3.2 eV), suggesting that the nanoscopic grain size leads to an increase in the band gap due to weak quantum confinement effects. The ability to form highly-ordered mesoporous titania films on electrically conductive and transparent substrates offers the potential for facile fabrication of high surface area semiconductive films with small diffusion lengths for optoelectronics applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3169-3176
Number of pages8
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume518
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ellipsometry
  • Mesoporous materials
  • Optical properties
  • Self assembly
  • Sol-gel coating
  • Titanium oxide

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