Highly active, nonprecious metal perovskite electrocatalysts for bifunctional metal-air battery electrodes

William G. Hardin, Daniel A. Slanac, Xiqing Wang, Sheng Dai, Keith P. Johnston, Keith J. Stevenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

262 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Perovskites are of great interest as replacements for precious metals and oxides used in bifunctional air electrodes involving the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Herein, we report the synthesis and activity of a phase-pure nanocrystal perovskite catalyst that is highly active for the OER and ORR. The OER mass activity of LaNiO3, synthesized by the calcination of a rapidly dried nanoparticle dispersion and supported on nitrogen-doped carbon, is demonstrated to be nearly 3-fold that of 6 nm IrO2 and exhibits no hysteresis during oxygen evolution. Moreover, strong OER/ORR bifunctionality is shown by the low total overpotential (1.02 V) between the reactions, on par or better than that of noble metal catalysts such as Pt (1.16 V) and Ir (0.92 V). These results are examined in the context of surface hydroxylation, and a new OER cycle is proposed that unifies theory and the unique surface properties of LaNiO3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1254-1259
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bifunctional
  • catalyst
  • metal-air battery
  • oxygen evolution
  • oxygen reduction
  • perovskite
  • water oxidation

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