## Abstract

The focus of this paper is the standard linear representation of the group SL_{n}(ℂC) × SL_{m}(ℂC) × SL _{2}(ℂC), that is, the tensor product of the corresponding tautological representations. Classification of its orbits is a classic problem, which goes back to the works of Kronecker and Weierstrass. Here, we summarize some known results about standard linear representations of SL _{n}(ℂC) × SL_{m}(ℂC) × SL _{2}(ℂC), GL_{m}(ℂC) × GL_{m}(ℂC), SL_{n}(ℂC) × SL_{m}(ℂC), and GL _{n}(ℂC) × GL_{m}(ℂC) × GL _{2}(ℂC), classify the orbits and describe their degenerations. For the case n ≠ m, we prove that the algebras of invariants of the actions of SL_{n}(ℂC) × SL_{m}(ℂC) × SL _{2}(ℂC) and SL_{n}(ℂC) × SL _{m}(ℂC) are generated by one polynomial of degree nm/|n - m|, if d = |n - m| divides n (or m), and are trivial otherwise. It is also shown that the null cone of SL_{n}(ℂC) × SL_{m}(ℂC) × SL_{2}(ℂC) is irreducible and contains an open orbit if n ≠ m. We relate the degenerations of orbits of matrix pencils to the degenerations of matrix pencil bundles and prove that the closure of a matrix pencil bundle consists of closures of the corresponding orbits and closures of their amalgams. Prom this fact we derive the degenerations of orbits of the four groups listed above. All degenerations are cofined to the list of minimal degenerations, which are summarized as transformations of Ferrer diagrams. We tabulate the orbits of matrix pencils up to seventh order and portray the hierarchy of closures of 2×2, 3×3, 4×4, 5×5, 5×6 and 6×6 matrix pencil bundles.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 443-479 |

Number of pages | 37 |

Journal | Journal of Lie Theory |

Volume | 14 |

Issue number | 2 |

Publication status | Published - 2004 |

Externally published | Yes |