Hetero trimetallic Precursor with 2:2:1 Metal Ratio Requiring at Least a Pentanuclear Molecular Assembly

Haixiang Han, Jesse C. Carozza, Zheng Zhou, Yuxuan Zhang, Zheng Wei, Artem M. Abakumov, Alexander S. Filatov, Yu Sheng Chen, Daniel J. Santalucia, John F. Berry, Evgeny V. Dikarev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This work represents an important step in the quest to make heteromultimetallic molecules featuring specific metal types and complicated metal ratios. The rational design, synthesis, and characterization of a complex heterotrimetallic single-source molecular precursor for the next generation sodium-ion battery cathode material, Na2Mn2FeO6, is described. A unique pentametallic platform [MnII(ptac)3-Na-MnIII(acac)3-Na-MnII(ptac)3] (1) was derived from the known polymeric structure of [NaMnII(acac)3]∞, through a series of elaborate design procedures, such as mixed-ligand, unsymmetric ligand, and mixed-valent approaches. Importantly, the application of those techniques results in a molecule with distinctively different transition metal positions in terms of ligand environment and oxidation states. An isovalent substitution of FeIII for the central MnIII ion forms the target heterotrimetallic precursor [MnII(ptac)3-Na-FeIII(acac)3-Na-MnII(ptac)3] (3) with an appropriate metal ratio of Na:Mn:Fe = 2:2:1. The arrangement of metal ions and ligands in this pentametallic assembly was confirmed by single crystal X-ray investigation. The unambiguous assignment of the positions and oxidation states of the Periodic Table neighbors Fe and Mn in 3 has been achieved by a combination of investigative techniques that include synchrotron resonant diffraction, X-ray multiwavelength anomalous diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and gas-phase DART mass spectrometry. The heterotrimetallic single-source precursor 3 was shown to exhibit a clean decomposition pattern yielding the phase-pure P2-Na2Mn2FeO6 quaternary oxide with high uniformity of metal ion distribution as confirmed by electron microscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12767-12776
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'Hetero trimetallic Precursor with 2:2:1 Metal Ratio Requiring at Least a Pentanuclear Molecular Assembly'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this