Heat-Mode Excitation in a Proximity Superconductor

Artem Denisov, Anton Bubis, Stanislau Piatrusha, Nadezhda Titova, Albert Nasibulin, Jonathan Becker, Julian Treu, Daniel Ruhstorfer, Gregor Koblmüller, Evgeny Tikhonov, Vadim Khrapai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Mesoscopic superconductivity deals with various quasiparticle excitation modes, only one of them—the charge-mode—being directly accessible for conductance measurements due to the imbalance in populations of quasi-electron and quasihole excitation branches. Other modes carrying heat or even spin, valley etc. currents populate the branches equally and are charge-neutral, which makes them much harder to control. This noticeable gap in the experimental studies of mesoscopic non-equilibrium superconductivity can be filled by going beyond the conventional DC transport measurements and exploiting spontaneous current fluctuations. Here, we perform such an experiment and investigate the transport of heat in an open hybrid device based on a superconductor proximitized InAs nanowire. Using shot noise measurements, we investigate sub-gap Andreev heat guiding along the superconducting interface and fully characterize it in terms of the thermal conductance on the order of Gth ∼ e2/h, tunable by a back gate voltage. Understanding of the heat-mode also uncovers its implicit signatures in the non-local charge transport. Our experiments open a direct pathway to probe generic charge-neutral excitations in superconducting hybrids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1461
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022


  • Andreev reflection
  • charge–heat separation
  • shot noise


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