Growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes with controlled diameters and lengths by an aerosol method

Ying Tian, Marina Y. Timmermans, Matti Partanen, Albert G. Nasibulin, Hua Jiang, Zhen Zhu, Esko I. Kauppinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On the basis of combined study of the transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and ultraviolet-visible-near infrared absorption spectroscopy, the properties of the single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), synthesized by aerosol (floating catalyst) chemical vapor deposition method by ferrocene vapor decomposition in the presence of carbon monoxide, are studied in details. The results show that increasing the temperature gives rise to the formation of high quality and large diameter SWCNTs. By monitoring the water-cooled probe position, both the bundle length and the diameter of the SWCNTs are effectively tuned due to the variation of the residence time and temperature profile in the reactor. An introduction of a small amount of CO2 suppresses the growth of small diameter nanotubes and enlarges the mean diameter of SWCNT samples. The mean diameter of SWCNTs could be easily altered in a broad range from 1.1 to 1.9 nm during growth, which is essential for the SWCNT applications in optical and electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4636-4643
Number of pages8
JournalCarbon
Volume49
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

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