Granular gases with impact-velocity-dependent restitution coefficient

Nikolai V. Brilliantov, Thorsten Póschel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We consider collisional models for granular particles and analyze the conditions under which the restitution coefficient might be a constant. We show that these conditions are not consistent with known collision laws. From the generalization of the Hertz contact law for viscoelastic particles we obtain the coefficient of normal restitution ∈ as a function of the normal component of the impact velocity νimp. Using ∈(νimp) we describe the time evolution of temperature and of the velocity distribution function of a granular gas in the homogeneous cooling regime, where the particles collide according to the viscoelastic law. We show that for the studied systems the simple scaling hypothesis for the velocity distribution function is violated, i.e. that its evolution is not determined only by the time dependence of the thermal velocity. We observe, that the deviation from the Maxwellian distribution, which we quantify by the value of the second coefficient of the Sonine polynomial expansion of the velocity distribution function, does not depend on time monotonously. At first stage of the evolution it increases on the mean-collision timescale up to a maximum value and then decays to zero at the second stage, on the time scale corresponding to the evolution of the granular gas temperature. For granular gas in the homogeneous cooling regime we also evaluate the time-dependent self-diffusion coefficient of granular particles. We analyze the time dependence of the mean-square displacement and discuss its impact on clustering. Finally, we discuss the problem of the relevant internal time for the systems of interest.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Physics
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Physics
ISSN (Print)0075-8450
ISSN (Electronic)1616-6361


  • 100
  • 124
  • Dissipative Force
  • Granular Particle
  • Impact Velocity
  • Maxwellian Distribution
  • Velocity Distribution Function


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