Geochemistry of hydrocarbons of the Terek-Caspian trough

Nurdin Sh Yandarbiev, Elena V. Kozlova, Nataliya P. Fadeeva, Oleg V. Krylov, Yurii V. Naumchev

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Within the Terek-Caspian oil and gas bearing basin of the Eastern Ciscaucasia, oil deposits occur in a wide stratigraphic range of rocks of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic section, from the Jurassic, at depths from 5800 to 200 m. In the sedimentary section, carbonate and terrigenous Middle Jurassic, Lower Cretaceous, Oligocene-Lower Miocene and Miocene oil-mother rocks are distinguished. Organic matter from them have different geochemical characteristics and different maturity to realize the generation potential. The article presents the results of a comprehensive study of potential petroleum-bearing rocks and hydrocarbon fluids from the Terek-Sunzha folded zone of the Terek-Caspian Trough, including lithological, chemical-bituminological, pyrolytic, chromatographic and chromatographic-mass spectrometry investigations. A detailed description of hydrocarbon fluids at the molecular level and genetic correlations of oil-oil and oil-organic matter are given. Specific features of the oil deposits of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic section are noted. Among the studied bitumens, the chromatographic characteristics of the extractable organic matter from the Khadum carbonate-clayey deposits and oils from the Cretaceous and Neogene reservoirs are most similar. The composition of a complex natural mixture of hydrocarbons from various sources, with different maturation during the geological history of the region, does not allow making unambiguous conclusions about the source or sources of hydrocarbons for the deposits of the Terek-Caspian Trough.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)227-239
    Number of pages13
    JournalGeoresursy
    Volume19
    Issue numberSpecial Issue
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • Bitumen
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Source rock
    • Star diagrams

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