Genetic control of early events in protoplast division and regeneration pathways in sunflower

E. Flores Berrios, L. Gentzbittel, L. Mokrani, G. Alibert, A. Sarrafi

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments were conducted to identify the genetic factors controlling protoplast division and to determine eventual relations between genetic factors involving organogenesis, somatic embryogenesis and protoplast division in sunflower. The present study involved protoplast culture and two traits: total division per 100 protoplasts (TOTD) and asymmetric division per 100 protoplasts (ASYD) were scored in 52 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a cross between PAC-2 and RHA-266. Asymmetric division is an early event in the formation of embryoids from protoplasts. Analysis of Variance indicated the existence of highly significant differences among parental genotypes and their RILs. Heritability for the two protoplast division parameters (TOTD and ASYD) was high (0.87 and 0.89, respectively) and genetic gain expressed as percentage of the best parent for 10% of the selected RILs was significant. Twelve putative loci associated with total division per 100 protoplasts were identified. Eleven QTLs were also detected for asymmetric division per 100 protoplasts. The QTLs present high significant LOD scores and sum to a high percentage of phenotypic variance. The percentage of phenotypic variation explained by each QTL ranged from 2% to 24%. Some segments of the linkage groups I, XV and XVII are likely to contain genes important for organogenesis, somatic embryogenesis and protoplast division, as clustering of QTLS for these characters were described. The QTLs identified in these three linkage groups should be involved in cell division and in early events associated with cell differenciation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-612
Number of pages7
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume101
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AFLP
  • Helianthus annuus L.
  • In vitro regeneration
  • Protoplast
  • QTL
  • Sunflower

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