Generation of the nir spectral band for satellite images with convolutional neural networks

Svetlana Illarionova, Dmitrii Shadrin, Alexey Trekin, Vladimir Ignatiev, Ivan Oseledets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The near-infrared (NIR) spectral range (from 780 to 2500 nm) of the multispectral remote sensing imagery provides vital information for landcover classification, especially concerning vegetation assessment. Despite the usefulness of NIR, it does not always accomplish common RGB. Modern achievements in image processing via deep neural networks make it possible to generate artificial spectral information, for example, to solve the image colorization problem. In this research, we aim to investigate whether this approach can produce not only visually similar images but also an artificial spectral band that can improve the performance of computer vision algorithms for solving remote sensing tasks. We study the use of a generative adversarial network (GAN) approach in the task of the NIR band generation using only RGB channels of high-resolution satellite imagery. We evaluate the impact of a generated channel on the model performance to solve the forest segmentation task. Our results show an increase in model accuracy when using generated NIR compared to the baseline model, which uses only RGB (0.947 and 0.914 F1-scores, respectively). The presented study shows the advantages of generating the extra band such as the opportunity to reduce the required amount of labeled data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5646
JournalSensors
Volume21
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Convolutional neural network
  • Feature engineering
  • GAN
  • Near-infrared channel
  • Satellite imagery

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