Functionality of intergenic transcription: An evolutionary comparison

Philipp Khaitovich, Janet Kelso, Henriette Franz, Johann Visagie, Thomas Giger, Sabrina Joerchel, Ekkehard Petzold, Richard E. Green, Michael Lachmann, Svante Pääbo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although a large proportion of human transcription occurs outside the boundaries of known genes, the functional significance of this transcription remains unknown. We have compared the expression patterns of known genes as well as intergenic transcripts within the ENCODE regions between humans and chimpanzees in brain, heart, testis, and lymphoblastoid cell lines. We find that intergenic transcripts show patterns of tissue-specific conservation of their expression, which are comparable to exonic transcripts of known genes. This suggests that intergenic transcripts are subject to functional constraints that restrict their rate of evolutionary change as well as putative positive selection to an extent comparable to that of classical protein-coding genes. In brain and testis, we find that part of this intergenic transcription is caused by widespread use of alternative promoters. Further, we find that about half of the expression differences between humans and chimpanzees are due to intergenic transcripts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1590-1598
Number of pages9
JournalPLoS Genetics
Volume2
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes

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