In this paper we carry over the concept of reverse probabilistic representations developed in Milstein, Schoenmakers, Spokoiny [G.N. Milstein, J.G.M. Schoenmakers, V. Spokoiny, Transition density estimation for stochastic differential equations via forward-reverse representations, Bernoulli 10 (2) (2004) 281-312] for diffusion processes, to discrete time Markov chains. We outline the construction of reverse chains in several situations and apply this to processes which are connected with jump-diffusion models and finite state Markov chains. By combining forward and reverse representations we then construct transition density estimators for chains which have root-N accuracy in any dimension and consider some applications.
- Estimation of risk
- Forward and reverse Markov chains
- Monte Carlo simulation
- Transition density estimation