Formulation for Oral Delivery of Lactoferrin Based on Bovine Serum Albumin and Tannic Acid Multilayer Microcapsules

Ece Kilic, Marina V. Novoselova, Su Hui Lim, Nikolay A. Pyataev, Sergey I. Pinyaev, Oleg A. Kulikov, Olga A. Sindeeva, Oksana A. Mayorova, Regan Murney, Maria N. Antipina, Brendan Haigh, Gleb B. Sukhorukov, Maxim V. Kiryukhin

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58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lactoferrin (Lf) has considerable potential as a functional ingredient in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications. However, the bioavailability of Lf is limited as it is susceptible to digestive enzymes in gastrointestinal tract. The shells comprising alternate layers of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and tannic acid (TA) were tested as Lf encapsulation system for oral administration. Lf absorption by freshly prepared porous 3 μm CaCO 3 particles followed by Layer-by-Layer assembly of the BSA-TA shells and dissolution of the CaCO 3 cores was suggested as the most efficient and harmless Lf loading method. The microcapsules showed high stability in gastric conditions and effectively protected encapsulated proteins from digestion. Protective efficiency was found to be 76 ± 6% and 85 ± 2%, for (BSA-TA) 4 and (BSA-TA) 8 shells, respectively. The transit of Lf along the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of mice was followed in vivo and ex vivo using NIR luminescence. We have demonstrated that microcapsules released Lf in small intestine allowing 6.5 times higher concentration than in control group dosed with the same amount of free Lf. Significant amounts of Lf released from microcapsules were then absorbed into bloodstream and accumulated in liver. Suggested encapsulation system has a great potential for functional foods providing lactoferrin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44159
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

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