Formation of magnetic moments in the cuprate superconductor Hg 0.8Cu0.2Ba2Ca2Cu3O 8+δ below Tc seen by NQR

H. Breitzke, I. Eremin, D. Manske, E. V. Antipov, K. Lüders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report pure zero field nuclear magnetic resonance (NQR) measurements on the optimally doped three layer high-Tc-compounds HgBaCaCuO and HgBaCaCuO(F) with Tc = 134 K. Above Tc two Cu NQR line pairs are observed in the spectra corresponding to the two inequivalent Cu lattice sites. Below Tc the Cu NQR spectra show additional lines leading to the extreme broadened Cu NQR spectra at 4.2 K well known for the HgBaCaCuO compounds. The spin-lattice relaxation curves follow a triple exponential function with coefficients depend onto the saturation time (number of saturation pulses), whereas the spin-spin relaxation curve is described by a single exponential function. From the spin-lattice relaxation we deduced a complete removal of the Kramers degeneracy of the Cu quadrupole levels indicating that the additional lines are due to a Zeemann splitting of the 63/65Cu lines due to the spontaneous formation of magnetic moments within the CuO layers. Below 140 K, the spectra are well fitted by a number of 6 63/65Cu line pairs. From the number of the Cu lines, the position of the lines relative to each other and the complete removal of the Kramers degeneracy we deduced an orientation of the magnetic moments parallel to the c-axis with magnitudes of the order of 1000 G. We also discuss the possible microscopic origin of the observed internal magnetic fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Volume406
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes

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