First-principles study of the stacking effect on the electronic properties of graphite(s)

J. C. Charlier, X. Gonze, J. P. Michenaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

164 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we present a thorough ab initio study of different forms of graphite. The interplanar distance and the electronic properties of different stackings of graphene sheets (simple hexagonal {AAA...}, hexagonal {ABAB...} and rhombohedral {ABC...} graphites) have been studied in the framework of the density functional theory. The valence charge densities and the densities of states of these three graphitic structures are presented and compared, as well as their respective band structures. As graphite possesses a semimetallic behavior, the overlap between conduction and valence bands has been investigated in function of the stacking. Ab initio results are related to experimental data obtained for natural graphite. Tight-binding Fermi surfaces are also presented in order to discuss the sensitive electronic behavior of graphite near the Fermi level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-299
Number of pages11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • allotropic forms
  • density functional theory
  • electronic properties
  • Graphite
  • structural properties


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