First principles Raman study of boron and nitrogen doped planar T-graphene clusters

Arka Bandyopadhyay, Parthasarathi Pal, Suman Chowdhury, Debnarayan Jana

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tetragonal graphene (TG) is one of the theoretically proposed dynamically stable graphene allotropes. In this study, the Raman spectra, IR spectra and some electronic properties of pristine and doped (single boron (B) and nitrogen (N)) TG have been investigated by first-principles based density functional theory (DFT) at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. Formation energy computation indicates that for the pristine structures, stability increases with increasing cluster size. In addition, for a particular cluster size, single B doping introduces some distortion in the system while singleNdoping increases the stability of it. The Raman spectrum of theNdoped system is dominated by a single peak but for the B doped system several intense lines are found. For all the structures low intensity similar breathinglike modes have been observed. Besides, relatively low (high) intensity Raman lines are found for single B (N) doping compared to those of the pristine one. The vibrational study also reveals the existence of a prominent phonon Raman line for pristine clusters which hardly changes its position and nature of vibration with varying cluster size. So this mode can be used for identification of pristine TG structures. Unlike pristine TG, the doped structures possess non-zero finite dipole moments due to asymmetry in charge distribution. Large values of theHOMO-LUMOgap as well as the absence of DOSat the Fermi level lead to the semiconducting nature of all the structures. All these theoretical predictions from DFT calculations may shed light on experimental observations involvingTG systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number095603
JournalMaterials Research Express
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B and N-doped T-graphene
  • DFT
  • Raman spectroscopy

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