First-principles and experimental characterization of the electronic and optical properties of CaS and CaO

S. Poncé, B. Bertrand, P. F. Smet, D. Poelman, M. Mikami, X. Gonze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Doped alkaline-earth chalcogenides are interesting photoluminescent materials for opto-electronic applications. It is crucial to have an extended knowledge about the undoped bulk CaS and CaO since all the excited state properties of the doped material heavily depend on it. In this work we investigate the structural parameters, electronic band structures, macroscopic dielectric constants and absorption spectra for CaS and CaO compounds. Their quasi-particle band structure in the GW approximation yields a value of 4.28 eV and 6.02 eV for the indirect theoretical particle gap of CaS and CaO, respectively. The imaginary part of the macroscopic dielectric function ε(ω) is computed including excitonic effects through the Bethe-Salpeter equation. The onset of absorption is within 0.1 eV of the experimental one and the calculated spectrum shows a qualitative agreement with experiment. Our computed exciton binding energies are 0.27 eV and 0.40 eV for CaS and CaO, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1477-1480
Number of pages4
JournalOptical Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Absorption spectrum
  • Bethe-Salpeter
  • Calcium chalcogenides
  • Density functional theory
  • Exciton
  • Macroscopic dielectric function


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