FIR and microwave photon detection by quantum dots

Oleg Astafiev, Takeshi Kutsuwa, Vladimir Antonov, Susumu Komiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A single-electron transistor operation of a quantum dot fabricated in a GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs heterostructure crystal is demonstrated to serve as a photon detector of the far infrared and microwave ranges of electromagnetic waves. When the single quantum dot is placed in a high magnetic field, the resonant conductance through the single-electron transistor switches on (off) upon the excitation of just one electron to a higher Landau level inside the quantum dot, enabling us to detect individual events of far-infrared photon absorption (λ = 0.17 - 0.22 mm). Additionally, single-photon counting in the microwave range (λ = 0.6 mm) is demonstrated by using parallel quantum dots without magnetic fields. A point contact separating the double quantum dots allows the prompt escape of an excited electron from one of the quantum dots to another. The resulting long-lived photoinduced ionization of the quantum dot is detected as a charge in the single-electron transsitor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-105
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume72
Issue numberSUPPL. A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • FIR
  • Microwaves
  • Photons
  • Quantum dot
  • SET

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