Features of the Synthesis of Functional Carbon Materials from Plant Carbohydrates

Z. V. Bobyleva, M. O. Apostolova, G. P. Lakienko, A. M. Alekseeva, O. A. Drozhzhin, E. V. Antipov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Technology of the synthesis of carbon materials from the most common carbohydrates in nature, glucose and cellulose, is discussed. The chemical transformations of the carbohydrates during carbonization were investigated using thermogravimetric analysis and FTIR-spectroscopy. The influence of the precursor and the pretreatment process on the structure and morphology of carbon materials was shown. The morphology of materials obtained from glucose and cellulose pretreated in air is characterized by large irregular particles. In turn, the pretreatment of carbohydrates under hydrothermal conditions makes it possible to obtain materials consisting of microspheres.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • biomass
  • carbon materials
  • hydrothermal carbonization

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