Exploring thermal expansion of carbon-based nanosheets by machine-learning interatomic potentials

Bohayra Mortazavi, Ali Rajabpour, Xiaoying Zhuang, Timon Rabczuk, Alexander V. Shapeev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Examination of thermal expansion of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials is a challenging theoretical task with either ab-initio or classical molecular dynamics simulations. In this regard, while ab-initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations offer extremely accurate predictions, but they are excessively demanding from computational point of view. On the other side, classical molecular dynamics simulations can be conducted with affordable computational costs, but without predictive accuracy needed to study novel materials and compositions. Herein, we explore the thermal expansion of several carbon-based nanosheets on the basis of machine-learning interatomic potentials (MLIPs). We show that passively trained MLIPs over inexpensive AIMD trajectories enable the examination of thermal expansion of complex nanomembranes over wide range of temperatures. Passively fitted MLIPs could also with outstanding accuracy reproduce the phonon dispersion relations predicted by density functional theory calculations. Our results highlight that the devised methodology on the basis of passively trained MLIPs is computationally efficient and versatile to accurately examine the thermal expansion of complex and novel materials and compositions using the molecular dynamics simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-508
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • 2D materials
  • Graphene
  • Machine learning
  • Thermal expansion


Dive into the research topics of 'Exploring thermal expansion of carbon-based nanosheets by machine-learning interatomic potentials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this