In the course of analysis of protein composition of exhaled breath to diagnose diseases of the respiratory system the problem is raised to distinguish between proteins, expressed in lung tissues and in respiratory tract (endogenous) and those that got into the respiratory system from the ambient air in the process of respiration (exogenous). In this work, an attempt is made to estimate the constitution of exogenous proteins in exhaled air with mass spectrometry and nanoflow high performance liquid chromatography (nano-HPLC). Six months' indoors isolation of healthy donors with air being cleaned of dust leads to the removal from the spectrum of exhaled proteins of some keratins that are therefore considered to be exogenous. Nonkeratin proteins may also circulate between ambient air and human airways, but their concentration appears to be significantly lower than keratin concentrations (especially than the epidermis keratin). Among nonkeratins, dermicidin seems to be the most significant exogenous protein of the exhaled air. Conclusions concerning the diagnostic value of exhaled proteins can be made only after careful comparison of results of quantitative and qualitative analyses of their normal and pathological composition for a statistically significant sample of donors.
- exhaled breath condensate
- exogenous proteins tin the human exhaled breath condensate
- mass spectrometry
- nanoflow high performance liquid chromatography