Excitonic effects in a time-dependent density functional theory

Kirill I. Igumenshchev, Sergei Tretiak, Vladimir Y. Chernyak

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56 Citations (Scopus)


Excited state properties of one-dimensional molecular materials are dominated by many-body interactions resulting in strongly bound confined excitons. These effects cannot be neglected or treated as a small perturbation and should be appropriately accounted for by electronic structure methodologies. We use adiabatic time-dependent density functional theory to investigate the electronic structure of one-dimensional organic semiconductors, conjugated polymers. Various commonly used functionals are applied to calculate the lowest singlet and triplet state energies and oscillator strengths of the poly(phenylenevinylene) and ladder-type (poly)(para-phenylene) oligomers. Local density approximations and gradient-corrected functionals cannot describe bound excitonic states due to lack of an effective attractive Coulomb interaction between photoexcited electrons and holes. In contrast, hybrid density functionals, which include long-range nonlocal and nonadiabatic corrections in a form of a fraction of Hartree-Fock exchange, are able to reproduce the excitonic effects. The resulting finite exciton sizes are strongly dependent on the amount of the orbital exchange included in the functional.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114902
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


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