Exact results for N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories on compact toric manifolds and equivariant Donaldson invariants

Mikhail Bershtein, Giulio Bonelli, Massimiliano Ronzani, Alessandro Tanzini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: We provide a contour integral formula for the exact partition function of N = 2 supersymmetric U(N) gauge theories on compact toric four-manifolds by means of supersymmetric localisation. We perform the explicit evaluation of the contour integral for U(2) N = 2theory on ℙ 2for all instanton numbers. In the zero mass case, corresponding to the N = 4 supersymmetric gauge theory, we obtain the generating function of the Euler characteristics of instanton moduli spaces in terms of mock-modular forms. In the decoupling limit of infinite mass we find that the generating function of local and surface observables computes equivariant Donaldson invariants, thus proving in this case a longstanding conjecture by N. Nekrasov. In the case of vanishing first Chern class the resulting equivariant Donaldson polynomials are new.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2016
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Differential and Algebraic Geometry
  • Extended Supersymmetry
  • Supersymmetric gauge theory
  • Topological Field Theories

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