Evolution of stress fields during crack growth and arrest in a brittle-ductile CrN-Cr clamped-cantilever analysed by X-ray nanodiffraction and modelling

M. Meindlhumer, L. R. Brandt, J. Zalesak, M. Rosenthal, H. Hruby, J. Kopecek, E. Salvati, C. Mitterer, R. Daniel, J. Todt, J. Keckes, A. M. Korsunsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to understand the fracture resistance of nanocrystalline thin films, it is necessary to assess nanoscopic multiaxial stress fields accompanying crack growth during irreversible deformation. Here, a clamped cantilever with dimensions of 200 × 23.7 × 40 μm3 was machined by focused ion beam milling from a thin film composed of four alternating CrN and Cr layers. The cantilever was loaded to 460 mN in two steps and multiaxial strain distributions were determined by in situ cross-sectional X-ray nanodiffraction. Characterization in as-deposited state revealed the depth variation of fibre texture and residual stress across the layers. The in situ experiment indicated a strong influence of the residual stresses on the cross-sectional stress fields evolution and crack arrest capability at the CrN-Cr interface. In detail, an effective negative stress intensity of −5.9 ± 0.4 MPa m½ arose as a consequence of the residual stress state. Crack growth in the notched Cr layer occurred at a critical stress intensity of 2.8 ± 0.5 MPa m½. The results were complemented by two-dimensional numerical simulation to gain further insight into the elastic-plastic deformation evolution. The quantitative experimental and modelling results elucidate the stepwise nature of fracture advancement across the alternating brittle and ductile layers and their interfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109365
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cr
  • CrN
  • Cross-sectional X-ray nanodiffraction
  • Eigenstrain modelling
  • Micromechanics
  • Multi-layer

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