Evolution of SLA-Based Al2O3 microstructure during additive manufacturing process

Svyatoslav Chugunov, Nikolaus A. Adams, Iskander Akhatov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Evolution of additively manufactured (AM) ceramics' microstructure between manufacturing stages is a hardly explored topic. These data are of high demand for advanced numerical modeling. In this work, 3D microstructural models of Al2O3 greenbody, brownbody and sintered material are presented and analyzed, for ceramic samples manufactured with SLA-based AM workflow, using a commercially available ceramic paste and 3D printer. The novel data, acquired at the micro-and mesoscale, using Computed Tomography (CT), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Focused Ion-Beam SEM (FIB/SEM) techniques, allowed a deep insight into additive ceramics characteristics. We demonstrated the spatial 3D distribution of ceramic particles, an organic binder and pores at every stage of AM workflow. The porosity of greenbody samples (1.6%), brownbody samples (37.3%) and sintered material (4.9%) are analyzed. Pore distribution and possible originating mechanisms are discussed. The location and shape of pores and ceramic particles are indicative of specific physical processes driving the ceramics manufacturing. We will use the presented microstructural 3D models as input and verification data for advanced numerical simulations developed in the project.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3928
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020


  • Aluminum oxide
  • Computed tomography
  • Debinding
  • Greenbody
  • Microstructure
  • Porosity
  • Sintering
  • Stereolithography; 3D printing


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